Natura 2000 is the EU-wide network of nature protection areas which aims to maintain the european biodiversity under the 1992 Habitat Directive.

Natura 2000 network incorporates two types of protection areas:

1) Sites of Community Importance, SCI (in Czech “Evropsky významné lokality”, EVL)

designated for 231 habitat types (72 priority habitats) and 911 animal and plant species (255 priority species) under the Habitat directive.
There are present 60 types of biotopes (19 priority habitats), 39 plant species (15 priority habitats) and 65 animal species (8 priority species) according to the Habitat Directive in the Czech Republic (Reference list for the Pannonian bio-geographical region, Reference list for the Continental region). For more details see.

2) Special Protection Areas, SPA (in Czech “Pta?í oblasti”, PO)

designated for 194 bird species under the Bird Directive. There are 59 bird species according to the Annex I present in the Czech Republic.
For more details see.

Given the large natural variation in bio-diversity across the EU, the directive divides the Community into nine bio-geographical regions (Alpine, Atlantic, Black Sea, Boreal, Continental, Macaronesian, Mediterranean, Pannonian and Steppic). For each bio-geographical region special list of SCIs is proposed. Czech Republic fits only into two bio-geographical regions: Continental and Pannonian (see Figure).

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