Member states select and designate the protection areas. The identification and delimination must be based on scientific criteria (for more detail see Natura 2000 Site Designation Process).
The Natura 2000 was adopted in the Act No. 114/1992 Coll. on the Nature and Landscape Protection in the Czech Republic. The Ministry of the Environment of the Czech Republic prepares the list of proposed Sites of Community Importance and Special Protection areas. Scientific guarantee of the pSCI ensures the Agency for Nature Conservation and Landscape Protection of the Czech Republic (ANCLP CR). The professional preparation of the proposed list of Special Protection Areas was coordinated under a supervision of the ANCLP CR by the Czech Society for Ornithology (CSO, Czech partner of BirdLife International).
The list of Sites of Community Importance is designated in the Government Order, while each SPA is designated in individual Government Order. The list of SCI adopted by the Commission is announced by the Ministry of the Environment. Documents are placed here.
The SCIs should be according to the Act on Nature and Landscape Protection designated under the national protection category (National Parks, Protected Landscape Areas, National Nature Reserves, Nature Reserves, National Natural Monument, Natural Monument) or should be protected under contractual protection (section 39) within 6 years after the Commission adoption.
Principals of designation of proposed Sites of Community Importance in the Czech Republic
Before the identification of areas the mapping of habitat types and species territories was carried out by the ANCLP CR to ensure the scientific based delimitation of pSCI. The results are also used for an assessment of the representativity and ecological quality of each area. Especially the habitat mapping results exceeds in quality data used by all 25 EU Member States for Natura 2000 delimitation process and they serve for nature conservation in its broadest sense in the Czech Republic (for more detail see Härtel H., Lon?áková J., Hošek M. (eds.) 2009: Mapování biotop? v ?eské republice - východiska, výsledky, perspektivy [Habitat Mapping in the Czech Republic – resources, results, perspectives]. Agency for Nature Conservation and Landscape Protection of the Czech Republic, 125p. – In Czech with English Summary)
Following phenomena were mapped:
|mosses and lichens 2000-2003|
|vascular plant species 2000-2003|
|animal species 2000-2003|
|vegetation cover 2000-2003|