Special Protection Areas (SPAs) are protected sites classified in accordance with Article 4 of the EC Directive on the conservation of wild birds (79/409/EEC), also known as the Birds Directive, which came into force in April 1979. They are classified for rare and vulnerable birds, listed in Annex I of the Directive, and for regularly occurring migratory species.
There are 39 Special Protection Areas in the Czech Republic. The database of SPA which is managed by EEA is available in english. SPAs cover 8,8 % of the area of the country.